Tag Archives: Jesuit

St. Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621)

St. Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621)
Feast Day: September 17
Canonized: June 29, 1930
Patron of Canon Lawyers, Catechists, And Catechumens

St. Robert Bellarmine, a crucial Counter-Reformation figure, was an Italian Jesuit and cardinal who wrote two catechisms and advised five popes. 

At 18, he entered the Society of Jesus. After ordination, he became the first Jesuit professor at Belgium’s University of Louvain, teaching the works of St. Thomas Aquinas. It was here he first encountered the intensifying tide of Protestantism – among his colleagues was Jansenius (of the famed Jansenism heresy). 

A gifted theologian, Bellarmine wrote strong defenses of Catholic truth against popularized attacks. He opposed John Calvin by defending the Real Presence, refuted England’s King James I by defending the papacy, and exposed the manifest heresies of Martin Luther.

When Bellarmine was sent to the Roman College (now Gregorian University), he established the first Department of Controversial Theology, to refute Protestant “reforms” to the faith. He became archbishop of Capua in 1602, and was theological adviser to Popes Sixtus V, Innocent IX, Clement VIII, Paul V, and Gregory XV.

He died in 1621, and was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church in 1931.

St. Aloysius Gonzaga (1568-1591)

Despite being ill, this saint  fasted on bread and water three times a week . . .

St. Aloysius Gonzaga

Feast Day: June 21
Patron of Catholic youth, AIDS patients

Aloysius was born Luigi Gonzaga to a wealthy Italian family. His father was in service to King Phillip II of Spain, and his mother was a friend to the king’s wife. By the age of seven, Luigi desired sainthood, but his father wanted him to follow in his footsteps with a military and political career.

Luigi developed kidney trouble which made him very weak. During his illness he read about the lives of the saints, which increased his desire for sanctity. He arose nightly for prayers and fasted on bread and water three times per week. Safeguarding his purity was one of his highest interests. At 15 he wished to join the Jesuits, but his father refused. In an attempt to divert the boy’s intentions, he sent him on a two-year journey through Spain and Italy. Luigi’s mother supported his desire for religious life, and by the age of 17 his father relented and gave his permission.

In Rome, Luigi’s Jesuit superiors curbed his penitential practices for the sake of his health. He took the name Aloysius and was a model novice. While in Milan as part of his formation, he received a revelation that he hadn’t long to live. Because of his weak physical condition he was sent back to Rome to complete his theological studies. In 1591, the plague hit Rome and the Jesuits set up a hospital where Aloysius offered his services to help the sick. He was stricken with the plague and after three months was given the last rites by St. Robert Bellarmine. With his eyes fixed on the crucifix he was holding, Aloysius spoke the name of Jesus and died at the age of 23. He was canonized by Pope Benedict XIII in 1726.

This column is produced for Legatus by the Dead Theologians Society, a Catholic apostolate for high school age teens and college age young adults. On the web: deadtheologianssociety.com